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SDG 10

Reduced inequality can seem vague in that inequality can refer to many different areas of society, which differ in how they manifest themselves and thus how to fight against them. Regardless, being in a minority or belonging to an oppressed group is something that can affect every aspect of your life, causing significant stress and reducing your quality of life. As such, it is important to stand up against such injustice and even just acknowledging it is a step forward, although many more steps are required.


There are seven targets:

  • Progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average
  • Empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or economic or other status
  • Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequality of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and actions in this regard
  • Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
  • Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions strengthen the implementation of such regulations
  • Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions
  • Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies


What does it mean and what can we do?

Tying into goal 1, the targets of this goal seem to imply that economic inequality takes precedence at this time (although the rights of women are not mentioned in this section, it has been throughout other goals and it is safe to assume this section applies as well), with a big chunk dedicated to this cause. While not mentioning any specific minorities, it does make sure to clarify that  no discrimination in any form, against any group, is to be accepted. This is likely to provide for more leeway depending on the specific national circumstances.