SDG #5 – Gender Equality
There have been amazing strides in the fight for gender equality, which is necessary for a prosperous world, but there are still many challenges that remain. While more women are in positions of leadership and fewer are forced into marriage, there are still discriminatory laws in place all over the world and sexual assault and rape is still a prelavent issue everywhere. Not to mention the amount of unpaid labor women perform, mainly caring for the home and children, which has only increased in light of the pandemic.
There are six targets:
- End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
- Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
- Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation
- Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and family as nationally appropriate
- Ensure womens full and active participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision making in political, economic and public life
- Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
What does it mean and what can we do?
Here, the UN takes a pretty hard stance against the discrimination of women, particularly in the areas of women in the work force and violence against women. It aims to eliminate all forms of discrimination, be they violent, economical or sexual. It also recognizes the unpaid labor women go through in the home, especially in western society where women are expected to both work and care for the household.
There are plenty of projects aimed at increasing the wealth (and thus independence) of women all over the world, either through getting girls into school, teaching women technical and economical skills or providing sanitary products so young girls can attend school even on their period.